Peels use vegetable or chemical substances which, according to the strength of the active product, their concentration or the period over which they are applied will remove the superficial layer of the skin, i.e. all or part of the epidermis and according to the outcome sought, reach down as far as the superficial dermis.
Vegetable or chemical materials are used to carry out peels. They act on part or all of the epidermis (the top layer of the skin), i.e. the upper dermis, destroying cells. The intensity of the active products the substances contain, their density and the period over which they are applied will cause the degree of removal to vary according to the outcome sought.
- Fruit acid peels: various types of acid are used (lactic, mandelic, glycolic etc).
- “Weak” acid skin peels: these act only on the surface (the granular layer), moderately exfoliating the skin. These are the lactic or salicylic acids.
- Resorcinol skin peels: there is a 50% concentration of the active product (Unna paste) in the resorcinol.
- Trichloroacetic acid skin peels: the depth of this type of peel also depends on its density.